The yield of oil refining in addition influenced by the old, the other factor is the handling of the material prior to distillation is smoothing ingredients. From the research, the influence of the fineness of the material to the yield of oil, indicating that the material can increase the yield of refined oil. This is because water and materials more easily contact to facilitate the oil out of the material, the penetration of water or steam into the tissue material would be easier as a result of oil will be easier to get out of the tissue material. Based on the literature, coriander fruit oil yield of Hungary gained 1.1%. Coriander fruit from Germany and Czechoslovakia respectively produce oil yield of 0.8 and 1%. Coriander fruit oil is derived from the French yield around 0.4%, coriander fruit comes from Italy 0.35%, coriander from Morocco fruit yield of about 0.3%, while oil of coriander fruit from Indonesia produces oil yield between 0.15-0.25 % (Guenther, 1949). This suggests that the essential oil yield is influenced by climatic factors, site and spot heights. Steam distillation should be started with low vapor pressure (about 1 atmosphere), then gradually increased vapor pressure gradually until the end of the process is when the oil is left in the material and only a relatively small component of high boiling oils LIGADAUN.COM AGEN TARUHAN BOLA PIALA DUNIA 2014 CASINO TANGKAS POKER ONLINE TERBAIK TERBESAR DAN TERPERCAYA are still left in the material. If the beginning of the distillation is done at high pressure, the chemical components in the oil will cause product to decompose. If the chemicals in oil has run out material deemed distilled, then the vapor pressure needed to be enlarged again that aims to extract chemical components of high-boiling. Distillation at pressures and temperatures that are too high will decipher the chemical components of oil and grease can result resinifikasi process. The composition of coriander oil Coriander has a distinctive aroma, the aroma is caused by a chemical component found in essential oils. Coriander has a volatile oil content ranged from 0.4 to 1.1%, oil of coriander including oxygenated hydrocarbons, the main components of coriander oil is linalool, which amounts to about 60-70% with the other supporting components are geraniol (1.6 to 2, 6%), geranil acetate (2-3%) camphor (2-4%) and compounds containing hydrocarbon groups totaling about 20% (-pinene,-pinene, dipenten, p-Simen, terpinen-and-terpinen, terpinolen and fellandren ) (Lawrence and Reynolds, 1988; Guenther, 1990). Chemical composition of coriander oil can be seen in Table 1.
Based on the type of constituent elements of a compound essential oil, coriander oil belonged oxygenated hydrocarbons. These compounds cause the scent of essential oils, as well as more resistant and stable against oxidation and resinifikasi. Maturity
level will affect the composition of coriander coriander oil, oil
composition will determine the quality of coriander oil. In unripe coriander, oil component is an aldehyde group. While the cooking coriander, oil components are monoterpenes and linalool alcohol group. Linalool compounds, if oxidised to produce compounds citral or geraniol.
Chemical and physical properties of coriander oil quality
Each essential oil has properties that differ between each other. Typical
properties of an essential oil composition was formed by the chemical
compounds they contain and are usually expressed in the organoleptic
properties of the chemical and physical properties. Organoleptic properties of the essential oil expressed with color and scent. While
the physical properties of the chemical include specific gravity,
refractive index, optical rotation, and the acid solubility in ethanol
70%, acid number, ester number, and composition of chemical compounds
they contain can be used as criteria for determining the quality level
of oil (Anonymous, 2006).
properties stated amount or the amount of chemical compound content
contained in the essential oil (Sulaswatty and Salim, 2002). The values of physical properties of the essential oil chemistry is an overview of essential oils. These
values are used as a benchmark in the trade, both domestically
(Indonesian National Standard) and international BUAHPOKER.COM AGEN POKER DOMINO ONLINE UANG ASLI INDONESIA TERPERCAYA TANPA ROBOT (International
Essential oils are the result of secondary metabolism in plants. Physical characteristics of each plant essential oil chemistry is different. Quality
of essential oils in plants is influenced by various factors, including
the type or variety of plant, climate, seeds, growing environmental
conditions, age and time of harvesting, material handling, method of
extraction, refining the right, kind of metal tool refining, packaging
types and ways oil storage (Ketaren, 1985; Rush, 2002).
Friday, April 25, 2014
Thursday, April 17, 2014
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Blog Promotion and SEO
Saturday, September 10, 2011
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Query how Internet users can recognize your blog or website we have?
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Friday, April 4, 2014
Maintenance done after 2 days the larvae hatch until the age of 15 days, in the same aquarium with a density of 5 fish / liter. Excess larvae can be kept in another aquarium. At the age of 2 days, the larvae were fed with frequency naupli 3 times a day. From the age of 5 days, the larvae were fed an additional form of daphnia 3 times a day, to taste. To maintain the quality of water, do penyiponan, by removing impurities and residual feed and replace with Agen Bola Terpercaya new water as much as 50 percent. Penyiponan done 3 days, depending on water quality.
Fish Farming cork with Separating
Separating I do fish cork in ground pool. The trick: to prepare the pool size of 200 m2; dry for 4-5 days; fix all the parts; kemalir to back with a width of 40 cm and height 10 cm; essentially averaged soil; scatter 5-7 sacks of chicken manure or quail; contents as high as 40 cm of water and soak for 5 days (the water is not discharged); stocking 4,000 larvae in the morning; after 2 days, give 1-2 kg of flour pellets or pellets that have been soaked every day; crop seeds after 3 weeks of age.
Benefits and Drawbacks of fish cork
Actually, cork fish have high economic value. Cork wild fish caught from rivers, lakes and swamps in Sumatra and Kalimantan often marinated before traded between islands. Cork salted dried fish is one that is quite expensive. Besides fresh catfish, mostly sold in a state of life, an important source of protein for rural communities, especially those adjacent to marshy areas or river.
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Catfish bait fish which is also enjoyable. With live bait such as insects or frogs child, cork fished relatively easy. However, sharp teeth and a bolt and a strong pull, can be easily broken off pancing.Untuk rural communities, especially farmers, fish cork help exterminate pests, for example: a lot of rice fields inhabited by snails, often leads to Agen Judi Online crop failure, result of the act of consuming rice snails that often, especially at a young age. However, some farmers find ways that are easy and very helpful, that is, with the cork fish breed in rice fields being in garapnya, with so many snails that harm farmers will gradually be reduced, however these fish can also be very harm, ie, when entered into pisciculture ponds (Though some relatives cork in Asia also deliberately bred as pet fish). Cork very greedy prey on small fish, so they can spend fish reared in ponds, especially if the pet fish was still small. Fish species penganggu cork also be no.1 in Sulawesi and Irian Jaya because they have destroyed native fish speesies.