Naturally ginger grows well in shady land and protected from the hot sun. In the natural habitat of this family of plants thrive in the shade of bamboo or teak. However, ginger can also be easily found in places like the scorching dry land. In general, this plant has high adaptability to various weather in NAGALAUT.COM Agen Judi Bola Online Piala Dunia 2014, SBOBET, IBCBET Terbaik dan Terpercaya di Indonesia the tropics.
The air temperature is good for the cultivation of these plants between 19-30 ° C
These plants require annual rainfall between 1000-4000 mm / year.
Ginger root can adapt well to a variety of soil types both calcareous soils, sandy, slightly sandy and heavy soils are clayey. However, to produce optimal rhizome needed fertile soil, loose and well drained. Thus
inorganic and organic fertilizer needed to provide sufficient nutrients
and maintain soil structure in order to remain loose. Soil containing organic matter is needed to keep the waterlogged ground is not easy.
Ginger can be grown at altitude 5-1000 m / asl with optimum altitude is 750 m / asl. The highest starch content in rhizomes obtained in plants grown at an altitude of 240 m / asl. Ginger is grown in the highlands produce rhizomes which contains very little volatile oil. This plant is more suitable to be developed in the middle latitudes.
Pests and diseases
Pests of ginger are:
Caterpillars inch (Chrysodeixis chalcites Esp),
Caterpillars ground (Agrotis Ypsilon Hufn) and
Flies rhizome (Mimegrala coerulenfrons Macquart)
How to control with insecticide spraying Kiltop 500 EC or Dimilin 25 WP at a concentration of 0.1-0.2%.
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by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht and Phytium sp and
Pseudomonas sp potentially to attack the roots and rhizomes of ginger
either in the field or after harvest. Symptoms of Fusarium root rot can cause symptoms Daum rhizome with yellowing, wilting, shoot dry and dead plants. The roots and rhizomes become wrinkled blackish color and the middle rot. Phytium fungus causes yellowing of leaves, stem and rhizome rot, it turns brown and eventually the whole plant to rot. Method of Control by crop rotation is not to plant crops after harvest from the family Zingiberaceae. Fungicides can be applied is Dimazeb 80 WP or Dithane M-45 80 WP with a concentration of 0.1 - 0.2%.
caused by Pseudomonas sp, symptoms of kelayuan bottom leaf yellowing
that begins leaves, stem and rhizome were cut wet mucus like sap. How to control the rotation of crops and spraying Agrimycin 15 / 1.5 grept 20 WP or WP with a concentration of 0.1 -0.2%.
Potential weeds in cropping meeting buffoonery is weed the garden include nut-grass, reeds, ageratum, and other broadleaf weeds.
Control of pests / diseases organically
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